Environmental risks such as climate change are currently affecting Asia’s major cities the most. Among these, heat waves, dwindling water resources, desertification and sandstorms are hitting the continent’s cities and other regions hardest.

But there are also major problems with land degradation, biodiversity conservation and the management of industrial pollution.

Mongolia’s situation is further complicated by the fact that it is not only landlocked, but also very far from the seas and oceans, which have little mitigating effect against desertification, which in the long term could lead to a decline in the number and species of plants and animals.