In broad terms, biodiversity is, in fact, the diversity of living things.

It can also be understood at the level of biological organisms, so that its conservation requires attention and action at several levels. Such as:

a) Populations: genetic diversity is the main objective here, both for wild and cultivated or domesticated plants and animals;

b) species: where the main objective is to reduce the number of species and to maintain populations that are viable in the long term;

c) communities: where the aim is to maintain the diversity of habitats and their structure in plant and animal communities;

d) landscapes: this group focuses on the conservation of the natural landscape as a system and the ecological stability of landscapes.