One of the biggest challenges in Mongolia is unsustainable livestock production, which leads to land and water degradation. Excessive animal husbandry leads to soil erosion and soil degradation.

Another challenge is the problem of deforestation, which leads to the loss of natural forests. Forests play an important role in the environment. For example, reducing air pollution, ensuring ecosystem stability and improving water quality.

When forests disappear, the environment becomes more vulnerable to external pressures. Environmental efforts in Mongolia include the protection of animal and plant species and the reforestation of forests.